were established in new areas replacing earlier boarding schools, and many were built by the government to be run by the Anglican Church. Canada’s other major Christian churches had similar roles in educating Indigenous peoples.
Prior to Confederation in 1867, Anglican missions in remote British North America had three primary objectives– to evangelize local Indigenous populations, to administer to the sick and to provide basic schooling for the young. Many young Indigenous peoples were thus baptized, confirmed by the Church, and educated in the European and Church traditions. On returning to their home communities, Indigenous adherents were expected to promote the appeal of Christian teachings and values. At the time, Church and colonial officials gave little thought to their assimilation into Canadian society at large.